The Italian Infantry Division, 1940 to 1943

Divisional Troops

Divisional Headquarters

Carabinieri Detachment

Traffic Control Detachment

Divisional Mortar Battalion - with eighteen 81-mm mortars divided into three Companies, each of three Platoons of two mortars per Platoon.

Gun Company - with eight 47-mm guns, divided into four Platoons with two guns per Platoon.

Mixed Engineer Battalion - with one Pioneer Company and one Divisional Signals Company.

Two Infantry Regiments, each comprised of;

Regimental Headquarters Company

Gun Company - with eight 47-mm guns, divided into four Platoons with two guns per Platoon.

Mortar Company - with six 81-mm mortars, divided into three Platoons with two mortars per Platoon.

Three Infantry Battalions - click on The Italian Infantry Battalion 1940 to 1943 link for more details.

Divisional Artillery Regiment

Regimental Headquarters

Howitzer Group - with twelve 100-mm howitzers, divided into three Batteries with four guns per Battery.

Gun Group - with twelve 75-mm guns, divided into three Batteries with four guns per Battery.

Howitzer Group - with twelve 75-mm howitzers, divided into three Batteries with four guns per Battery.

Anti-aircraft Group - with eight 20-mm guns, divided into four Platoons with two guns per Platoon.

Service Units

Medical Company

Supply Company (possibly combined with Transport Company)

Points of note

The above organisation was known as the Binary Division, due to the presence of just two Infantry Regiments.  The influence of fighting campaigns in mountainous regions is obvious as this is a very light looking formation, especially in terms of artillery.

Some Divisions were reinforced by a Blackshirt Legion, actually a slimmed down Regiment, of two Battalions.  These were drawn from the National Security Volunteer Militia (MVSN) of the Fascist Party, and helped embed their influence with the Army proper while providing some compensation for the absence of a third Regiment.  The MVSN Battalion was organised differently again from the usual Infantry Battalion though, as always seems to be the case for the Italian army!

The Divisional and Regimental Gun Companies would all appear to have been equipped with the 47/32 Modello 35, which could be used as an anti-tank gun or an infantry support weapon.

Divisional Artillery equipment was diverse to say the least.  One Battalion was equipped with 100-mm calibre howitzers, the second with 75-mm guns (the 75/27 Modello 06, updated from the Great War), and the third with 75-mm pack howitzers (with the 75/18 Modello 35).  Interestingly, each Battalion also had six heavy machine guns for close in defence.

In theory, the Division could have an additional Infantry Battalion attached to provide a reserve unit.

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